An Asiatic lioness with a newly-clamped radio collar around her neck. Lion, large, powerfully built cat that is second in size only to the tiger. This is absent in African lions. It was originally only used by Rajputs a Hindu military caste in India. The proverbial ‘king of the beasts,’ the lion has been one of the best-known wild animals since earliest times. But there is little doubt that the number of Asiatic lions in Gujarat has risen since the last count in 2015. A very small quantity or population of Asiatic Lions exists in the Gir forest, other than that Africa is the place where we can see the subspecies of these Asian lions called African Lions. [4] [2][3] In 2005, the Gujarat government reported that 359 Asiatic lions were sighted in the Gir forest. Now, only a fraction of these magnificent animals survive in the wild.

In general, the more members a pride has, the stronger it is relative to rival prides. This is the reason why we used to emphasize the similarities and differences between African and Asian lions. African and Asiatic lions have been geographically isolated from each other for about 200,000 years. Chinese guardian lions, commonly called stone lions in China and sometimes called a foo dog in the West, are symbolic sculptures of the Asiatic lion. The Gir Forest's dry teak woods were once a royal hunting ground. The origin, evolution and speciation of the lion, has been subject of interest, debate and study. Singh is an ancient Indian vedic name meaning "lion" (Asiatic lion), dating back over 2000 years to ancient India. The Asiatic lion could once be found in Eastern Europe, Turkey, the Middle East and most of India, but, it became extinct in Europe around 100 A.D. The present surviving lions of the genus Panthera comprise of eight sub-species inclusive of Asiatic lion Panthera leo persica of India's Gir forest. Reintroduction of the Asiatic Lion Precedence of Politics over Rule of Law Ritwick Dutta The population of the Asiatic lion is confi ned only to Gujarat, and constitutes a single population that is vulnerable to extinction. Put into the perspective of human history, that's about 100,000 years before Homo sapiens -- modern man -- arrived on the scene. Asiatic lions were on the brink of extinction with about 12 individuals left when an Indian Nawab (king) forbade the hunting of lions and confined the remaining lions in his private hunting grounds in an active conservation effort. The best plan of action would be to increase the amount habitable space for the remaining population of Asiatic lions while teaching native people about the importance of peacefully coexisting with the lions. Watch our Asiatic lions in action as ZSL London Zoo's Jim Mackie explains the importance of environmental enrichment. Lions are becoming rarer. But there is little doubt that the number of Asiatic lions in Gujarat has risen since the last count in 2015.

Except for the Asiatic lion, the other seven subspecies are found in different parts of Africa. These prides include multiple adult males, a dozen or more related females and the pride's cubs. African lions exist in sub-Saharan Africa. Apart from Asiatic lion, Gir is home to many endangered and rare plant and animal species. This is absent in African lions. Disease Control Lions prey primarily on herd animals, attacking the herd and focusing on the weakest members that fall behind the herd. Except for the Asiatic lion, the other seven subspecies are found in different parts of Africa. Put into the perspective of human history, that's about 100,000 years before Homo sapiens -- modern man -- arrived on the scene. They are placed at the entrance of an important building to guard the grounds and the people within. Asiatic lions typify most challenges faced by large carnivores: single population, historical bottlenecks, habitat loss, poaching, and conflict with humans. As a result, the male Asiatic lion's ears tend to remain visible at all times. The most distinguishing characteristic of the Asiatic lion is the longitudinal fold of skin that runs along its belly. The lion used to be found in Palestine but the population decreased around the time of The Crusades. A male lion weighs in the range of 330 to 500 pounds, and has an average lifespan of 10 to 14 years.